Melbourne, one of the biggest cities in Australia, has about 200 public hospitals and private healthcare centres. They provide the best in-patient care and outpatient follow-up services for all the 5.2 million population. A study conducted in four major hospitals of Melbourne showed that over 7,135 adults get admitted to the hospitals for orthopaedic trauma every year. One of the major causes of their visitations is to get the best scoliosis treatment in Melbourne.
Wondering what scoliosis is and why treatment is necessary? Scoliosis is a condition where the spine has a sideways curvature. It is often diagnosed during adolescence and is most commonly seen in females compared to males. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe. In the worst cases, it can be disabling and affect children’s growth. Sometimes it can reduce the chest space leading to functional difficulty in the lungs. In mild cases, the condition can be monitored, usually using X-rays.
Different Forms of Scoliosis
Congenitally Occuring Scoliosis
Scoliosis occurs congenitally when there are spinal abnormalities during the pregnancy, and the baby is affected. To compensate for this abnormality, the body restructures itself and develops scoliosis. It leads to incomplete or absence of bone formation in the spine. It is diagnosed earlier compared to other forms.
Scoliosis at Early-onset
Scoliosis is most commonly developed among young children (before the age of 9). Because of the same, it is called juvenile scoliosis. It is essential to understand the onset of this condition. If detected early, it is easy to treat as the spine is still developing. Cor Pulmonale occurs when there is a problem with the lungs and heart.
Adolescent scoliosis or Idiopathic Scoliosis refers to scoliosis occurring among children between 10 and 18-years of age. The primary causes of this form are hormonal imbalance and family history. They do not experience pain but sometimes correlate with lower back pain.
Degenerative Scoliosis (De Novo Scoliosis)
It is the adult-onset form (late-onset) of scoliosis. The curvature is developed over time as an adult. For people 50 years and above, the ageing factor results in degeneration of the joints and discs in the spine. It results in spine curvature, which is more prominent on the side. It is one of the most painful forms which requires expert scoliosis treatment in Melbourne.
This form is a comorbid factor of other conditions. Muscle spinal curvature occurs when there is no proper communication between the spinal cord and the brain. Cerebral palsy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and spinal muscular atrophy are underlying conditions.
A forward rounding is visible in the spinal cord are when viewed from the front. This condition is known as Kyphosis. This form is also diagnosed during adolescence when there is a structural deformation of the vertebrate.
Options for Scoliosis Treatment in Melbourne
For infants, doctors use plaster casting, which helps the spine grow in a specific position. It is attached to the body, But they must carry it at all times.
Doctors recommend braces when the condition is moderate, and the bones are still growing. It cannot reverse existing scoliosis but can prevent further curvature. Thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO) and Milwaukee braces are two types of braces. The former is made out of plastic and is not visible under clothing. The latter one is recommended when TLSO is not suitable or practical.
Chiropractors realign the spine, which promotes healing and well-being. This treatment is not a cure, but it improves the quality of life for a person with scoliosis.