Urology is a medical specialty that focuses on controlling and treating diseases and problems in the urinary system. Dr. Neeta Verma is one of the greatest urologists in Bhubaneswar due to her impressive academic credentials and urological expertise.
Who Are Urologists, and What Do They Do?
In ancient times, physicians would examine urine samples for indications of a patient’s disease. The health of the urinary system, which consists of the kidneys, ureters, urethra, bladder, prostate, penis, and testes, is currently the focus of an entire medical specialty.
Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the male and female urinary tract systems. The kidneys, ureters, and bladder are the principal organs of the urinary tract.
The urinary tract is the drainage system for eliminating urine from the body. There are waste, pollutants, and water present. Normal and trouble-free urination requires the cooperation of all components of the urinary system.
Suppose your primary care physician suspects you may need treatment for a problem affecting the urethra, kidneys, bladder, or adrenal glands. In that case, they may refer you to a urologist. A urologist is an expert in diagnosing and treating urinary tract and male reproductive system disorders. In male patients, urologists treat problems involving the epididymis, penis, prostate, seminal vesicles, and testes.
Dr. Neeta Verma is among the most qualified urologists in Bhubaneswar. She has extensive training, qualifications, and expertise in her field. She provides the most modern and successful therapy for kidney and urinary tract stones, kidney, ureter, bladder infections, and other benign and malignant urinary tract disorders.
In addition, Dr. Neeta Verma, a qualified urology surgeon in Bhubaneswar, specializes in urological emergency and endourological surgeries of the lower urinary tract. She is an expert in endourology, reconstructive urology, and robotic uro-oncology.
Let’s now discuss,
How frequently should a person see a urologist?
A urologist is skilled in diagnosing and treating problems with the urinary tract. Both men and women are welcome to attend urologists. However, a female urologist only treats urinary tract issues. They can identify and treat penile and testicular disorders in men. Infertility in men and sexual problems are also among the conditions they treat.
Which urological disorders are treated by a urologist?
- Kidney and ureter stones: Kidney and ureteral stones are tiny, hard, mineral, and acidic salt crystals that form in the kidneys and can move into the ureters. They can impede urination and produce discomfort, nausea, and vomiting.
- Urogenital infections (UTI): These are frequently caused by the migration of bacteria from the digestive tract to the urethra. Atypical urination, incontinence, discomfort, nausea, vomiting, chills, and fevers are among the symptoms. Women are the most affected.
- Incontinence: A malfunction in the urinary system could cause involuntary loss of bladder control. During pregnancy, pelvic floor muscles may become weakened, leading to the possibility of this condition.
- Erectile dysfunction: The penis cannot get stiff enough to engage in a sexual activity fully. This is sometimes a sign of a deeper problem.
- Infertility in men: Male infertility can be caused by damage to the male reproductive system and sperm and by various sperm abnormalities. Varicoceles, which are swollen veins in the sac beneath the penis, is a common cause. Occasionally, surgery is advantageous.
- Renal disease: Kidney failure is the inability of the kidneys to function normally. High blood pressure and swelling of the hands and ankles are symptoms of renal impairment. Ultimately, it could be lethal.
- Nephrotransplantation: Kidney failure may necessitate a kidney transplant.
- Bladder prolapse: It occurs when the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor are unable to hold the pelvic organs in their usual posture.
- Cancers: Cancers affecting the urinary system or, in men, the reproductive system, including those involving the bladder, kidneys, testicles, and prostate gland.
- Pediatric urology: Pediatric urology encompasses the treatment of urological disorders in children that are too complex for doctors without extra training.
- Peyronie’s disease: A layer of fibrous scar tissue grows on the surface of the penis. This can be painful, make sexual activity difficult, and cause the penis to the curve (phimosis) during an erection.
- Painful Bladder Syndrome: Interstitial cystitis, commonly known as painful bladder syndrome, is a chronic bladder inflammation that can produce moderate to severe pain.
- Urethral stenosis: Urethral strictures, which are scarring of the urethra, can impede or obstruct the bladder’s ability to discharge urine. Some of the causes are infection, inflammation, and damage. Symptoms include the painful urinating and limited output. Urinary tract infections and prostatitis are two of the potential consequences.
What should I anticipate from a urologist?
The urologist performs a physical exam and inquires about the patient’s medical history. They may also suggest a few tests.
- Urodynamic testing can evaluate the pressure within the bladder, the rate at which pee exits the body, and the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination.
- A urine test to detect bacteria or other illness symptoms.
- Biopsies can be used to detect cancer and other diseases
- The urologist can identify the problem using imaging tests such as ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs.
- The interior of the urinary tract can be observed with a cystoscope, a long, thin probe equipped with a camera that is often used to take a tissue sample for analysis.
What urological treatments are available?
The treatment course will depend on the diagnosis. It requires both medication and surgical intervention.
Categories of medications include:
- antibiotics for disease treatment
- treatment with hormones for prostate cancer
- phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for erectile dysfunction, including tadalafil and Cialis
- Medications that work on the bladder’s smooth muscle to address urine incontinence
- •chemotherapeutic treatment for cancer
Surgical procedures may include:
- Standard open surgery
- Keyhole laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery
- Treatment with laser for illnesses such as kidney stones, cancer, and BPH
A urologist may undertake surgical procedures to:
- Treat cancer, remove a tumor, or remove the bladder, prostate, or other damaged organs or tissues.
- Urethral dilatation alleviates urethral strictures caused by scar tissue.
- Reduce stress incontinence with a sling technique.
- Remove or shatter kidney stones
- Partial removal of a kidney
- Transplantation of renal parts.
Urologists also conduct circumcisions. During this treatment, the skin from the tip of the penis is removed for cultural, religious, or medical reasons.
A urologist can also perform a vasectomy, a type of male contraception with a long-lasting effect.
Because the urinary system is responsible for waste removal and is connected to many other body systems, including the reproductive system, it is vital to pay close attention to symptoms as soon as they appear.
Immediately consult one of the best urologists in Bhubaneswar if you feel urinary discomfort or changes in frequency.
As with any other medical specialist, finding a trained and accredited urologist is essential. Additionally, you should visit a urologist with whom you can interact well, especially if your treatment will be ongoing.