What is tubal ligation? Dr. Himali Maniar

Are you considering getting a tubal ligation and want to know more about this process? Then this article will give you an insight into tubal ligation, its risks, procedure, pros, and cons.   

Tubal ligation is the most common method of sterilization for women. This procedure is performed for Women who do not want to get pregnant permanently. This procedure is safe and includes very little to no side effects after the surgery.

 Dr. Himali Maniar, who is one of the top gynecologists in Bopal, will discuss the pros and cons of tubal ligation.

What is tubal ligation?

Tubal ligation is a procedure performed for female sterilization (an operation to permanently prevent pregnancy). The fallopian tubes are permanently blocked\, clipped, or removed in this procedure. This prevents the fertilization of eggs by sperms and therefore prevents the implantation of a fertilized egg. 

Why is tubal ligation done?

Tubal ligation permanently prevents pregnancy. You no longer need any type of birth control. 

Tubal ligation might also decrease your risk of ovarian cancer, especially if the fallopian tubes are removed. Remember that tubal ligation will not prevent you from sexually transmitted diseases. 

Tubal ligation is not for everyone. Make sure you contact and consult with your doctor and understand the entire process of tubal ligation, its risks, and complications completely.

If you have any queries about tubal ligation, you can ask here at Clinicspots.


Tubal ligation is an operation that involves getting a lot of incisions in your abdomen, so the possible risks include;

  • Damage to the bowel area 
  • Damage to the bladder or major blood vessels
  • Incomplete wound healing or infection
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Failure of the procedure

Pros and cons of tubal ligation

Dr. Himali Maniar , one of the top gynecologist in Bopal, will discuss brief points on the pros and cons of tubal ligation below.

Pros of tubal ligation


If you don’t want to have any more children or never want to have children, then tubal ligation is the right option.

No major side effects

Tubal ligation will not affect your hormones and periods. For women above the age of 35, it will not affect your menopause stage. 

Tubal ligation will not cause side effects like mood swings, weight gain, or headaches like birth control pills. 

You don’t have to worry about getting pregnant.

You’ll be more relaxed to have sex as you don’t have to take a pill, use a condom or use other methods to avoid pregnancy. According to scientists, “tubal ligation can lower the chances of ovarian cancer. 

If pregnancy would be a health risk for you, or if you or your partner has a genetic disorder that would be risky to pass on to a child, tubal ligation may be right for you.

Cons of tubal ligation

Permanent in a bad way

Unless you are 100% sure not to get pregnant, then tubal ligation is not right for you. Dr. Himlai Maniar, from Nisha women’s hospital says – some clients don’t know whether they want to have a tubal ligation, and some of the clients regret going for tubal ligation, especially if they are around 30 as they are younger.

Reversing tubal ligation surgery is very rare as the complications involved are dangerous to the client’s health. 


We’ll see how the procedure for tubal ligation is carried out,

During the procedure

If you have an interval tubal ligation as an outpatient procedure, either a needle is inserted or an incision is made through your belly button so that your abdomen can be inflated with gas (carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide). Then a laparoscope is inserted into your abdomen.

Your doctor typically makes a second, smaller incision to implant specialized instruments into the abdominal wall. Your doctor can shut the tubes by dissecting the fallopian tubes or obstructing them with plastic rings or clips.

If you have had a vaginal delivery Your doctor will likely make a little incision under your belly button to easily access your uterus and fallopian tubes if you have a tubal ligation. your doctor will use the incision made to deliver the baby if you undergo a tubal ligation during a C-section.

After procedure

You’ll have some discomfort at the incision site. You might also have:

  • Abdominal pain or cramping
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Gassiness or bloating
  • Shoulder pain

After 48 hours, you can take a bath, but avoid rubbing or stressing the incision. After showering, carefully dry the incision.

Don’t engage in sexual activity or heavy lifting until your doctor gives the all-clear. As you start to feel better, gradually return to your regular activities. Dr . Himali Maniar, one of the best gynecologist in Bopal says that the stitches won’t need to be removed because they will dissolve. If you need to schedule a follow-up appointment, ask your doctor.


Tubal ligation is a safe and effective form of permanent birth control. But it doesn’t work for everyone. Fewer than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant in the first year after the procedure. The younger you are when it’s done, the more likely it is to fail.

If you conceive after having a tubal ligation, you risk having an ectopic pregnancy. This means the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. An ectopic pregnancy requires immediate medical treatment. 

The pregnancy cannot continue until birth. If you think you’re pregnant at any time after a tubal ligation, contact your health care provider immediately, says Dr. Himali Mniyar, one of the best gynecologist in Bhopal.

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