How Does Continuous Glucose Monitoring [CGM] Help In Enhancing Diabetes Management?

Continuous Glucose Monitoring devices offer information about real-time blood sugar levels all day. This allows people with type I & II diabetes to keep track of their blood sugar levels and trends. Many CGM devices report blood glucose levels every 5 minutes, which means the total number of readings in a day is 288.

With CGM readings people can make a better choice of food, exercise, and other diabetes management factors. The device eliminates the guesswork associated with daily blood glucose fluctuations and patterns. 

How does the CGM device work?

Matt Schmidt with Diabetes Life Solutions states a CGM device comprises 3 parts –

  1. Tiny sensor wire – It is an automatic applicator designed to measure sugar levels. It is inserter under the abdomen or arm’s skin. An adhesive patch holds the sensor wire in place. The sensor can measure interstitial glucose [glucose in fluid between the cells] instead of blood glucose. 
  2. Transmitter – It is connected to the sensor. It sends data wirelessly every 5 or as programmed to a receiver.
  3. A receiver – It is in-built in a displayer that shows the sugar levels and patterns of fluctuations.

In some devices, Bluetooth technology is used to reveal the blood sugar data directly on a compatible smartphone. This bypasses the need for a separate receiver. A couple of monitors are designed to work with the insulin pump.

A few CGM devices are cloud-based and user-friendly apps. Smart devices receive the blood sugar data, which the cloud transmits to 5 chosen followers like the parents, medical providers, and caregivers. Several CGM devices enable the user to input data about their snacks, meals, physical activity, and medication to micro-monitor their glucose trend monitoring. 

Who can benefit from CGM devices?

  • Type 1 & 2 diabetes patients on mealtime insulin.
  • Patients with hypoglycemia.
  • Patients are unaware of their hypoglycemia condition.
  • Patients struggling with excessive glycemic fluctuations
  • Patients on MDI [Multiple daily injections] or insulin pump.
  • Patients who wish to fulfill their glycemic goals.
  • Patients who can benefit from sharing blood sugar level patterns [seniors, kids, etc.]

How does CGM help in enhancing diabetes management?

More insight 

A blood glucometer allows obtaining a single reading, while CHM offers dynamic data about real-time blood sugar changes. It means the patient can get consistent timely feedback on insulin needs, activities, and nutrition for diabetes management. 

You get to know when certain activities and food affect the glucose level in the next few hours. This is a piece of golden information not just to catch low sugar levels before they really occur, thus reducing the intake of juice or glucose tablets. 

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With the data, you can reduce hypo events as well as reduce and stabilize A1C levels. It is the information that helps in sugar level management and not just slapping the CGM device. You can learn your true insulin sensitivities across the day. 

For example, if you are at risk of hypoglycemia then you will be surprised to find that if you awake later than 8 am and your insulin intake has been disturbed in the morning then you will struggle with high sugar until noon. The information makes it possible for training optimization thus helping people stay within their sugar level patterns even when they exercise. 

CGM device helps the patients understand diabetes much better. It offers confidence in diabetes management and attains tangible results.   In some situation, the use of a CGM will lead to lower premiums on  life insurance for type 1 diabetics.  Living with diabetes is extremely difficult, but technology will help make things slightly easier.

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